RESULTS

Steeper Energy – Hydrofaction™

Hydrofaction™ is Steeper Energy’s proprietary implementation of hydrothermal liquefaction which applies supercritical water as a reaction medium for the conversion of biomass directly into a high-energy density renewable crude oil, referred to as Hydrofaction™ Oil. Steeper’s unique process mimics and accelerates nature by subjecting wet biomass to heat and high pressure.

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Colorado School of Mines

CO₂-to-fuels through novel electrochemical catalysis; Modular and scalable reactor that economically upgrades CO₂ into fuels and chemicals; Integrates carbon-carbon-coupling catalysts developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory with emerging proton-conducting ceramic membranes to directly produce synthetic fuels and high-value chemicals from CO₂ feedstocks.

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University of Wyoming

Novel catalyst to increase CO₂ desorption; Reduces energy consumption in CO₂ capture by using TIO (OH)₂ as a novel catalyst that is capable of drastically increasing the rates of CO₂ desorption from the spent monoethanolamine (MEA) by more than 4,500 percent; Looking to build a demonstration plant as a next step.

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University at Buffalo – Mixed Matrix Membranes

Developing mixed matrix membranes in collaboration with the California Institute of Technology, Membrane Technology and Research, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Trimeric, and the NCCC; The membranes will contain advanced materials, such as metal organic polyhedras and rubbery polymers, to achieve high CO₂ permeance, high CO₂/N₂, and high CO₂/O₂ selectivity at temperatures up to 60 degrees Celsius; Testing will be conducted at the NCCC.

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University of Illinois

Biphasic solvent-enabled absorption process for post-combustion carbon capture; Development of the transformational biphasic CO₂ absorption process (BiCAP) technology; BiCAP is a post-combustion CO₂ capture technology that has the energy efficiency advantage of a phase-transition process, while incurring low equipment and operating costs.

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University of Iowa

Selective and efficient electrochemical production of neat formic acid from CO₂ using novel PGM-free catalysts: abiotic electrolyzer cost-effectively convert CO₂ to formic acid; The project will design a process where CO₂ is collected from the flue gas of coal or fossil fuel combustion and fed to the electrolyzer; The supercritical CO₂ phase will be used for reduction and a liquid water phase will be used for oxidation.

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University of Kentucky – Fog + Froth Post-Combustion Capture

Fog + froth-based post-combustion CO₂ capture in fossil-fuel power plants; Plans to fabricate, integrate, and research a compact absorber with integrated fog and froth formation zones; Testing will be conducted at the University of Kentucky’s Center for Applied Energy Research bench post-combustion CO₂ capture facilities using both simulated and real coal-derived flue gas.

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Precision Combustion, Inc. – CO2 to Fuels

Uses intermittent solar power by employing a multi-functional material (calcium carbonate; CaCO3). This material enables the alternating capture and release of solar energy, while simultaneously converting carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) to syngas, which is then readily convertible into a range of chemicals or fuels. The conversion process will make use of DOE’s concentrated solar power technology.

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